People often wonder about How To Get Hydrangeas To Bloom, so for getting hydrangea to bloom it is very important to know about Hydrangea. Hydrangea is a shrub or climbing plant having either rounded or flattened flower heads with small florets.
Since hydrangea symbolises grace, gratitude and beauty, therefore people are eager to know how to get hydrangeas to bloom.
The word Hydrangea is derived from Greek words for water, hydros and jar. It produces lavish round shaped flowers. The bright colours can also bring love, harmony and peace. Different colours of flowers indicate different feelings and emotions.
Various Ways For Hydrangeas To Bloom
Hydrangea blossoms are very attractive. It easily becomes the point of attraction at any place like in the garden, vase and flower bouquets. In order to know how to get hydrangeas to bloom, people need to consider the following tips.
- To Prune at the Right Time of the Year- Before pruning care must be taken that no one should prune the flower buds. Hydrangeas that bud from old wood should not be pruned in winter as it is the flower bearing season. Therefore late summer is the correct time to prune when flowers fade and strong shoots will emerge.
- To Provide Adequate Sun– To get hydrangeas to bloom it is shifted to an area where there is enough sun that helps in blooming. This is very helpful for bigleaf hydrangeas.
- To Provide Partial Shade- Some hydrangea varieties need partial shade to protect the flowers after blossoms appear. Although sun is essential but during noon it must be put under shade once the flowers appear.
- To Protect Hydrangeas During Winter- Old Wood Hydrangeas need to be protected during winter especially for the flower buds. Bigleaf and Oakleaf hydrangeas cannot bear severe winter, so there must be wire enclose around it.
- To Protect Hydrangeas from Spring Frost- Frost in spring can cause hamper to the flowers, so there should be an insulating cover of cloth or heavy paper.
- To Avoid Over-Fertilising- In case if too much nitrogen are mixed with the soil either in the form of compost or commercial fertilisers, blooms become dull and weak.
- To Add Adequate Water- Hydrangeas survive well in the moist soil but not in water-logged condition. To get blossoms the soil must be loose and wet.
- To Preserve Moisture in Dry Conditions- Mulch traps moisture, so a layer of 7.6cm of mulch must be provided around hydrangea during dry summer.
- To Treat Fungal Diseases- Fungal diseases can cause damage to the plant and flowers although Hydrangeas are fungal-resistant. Therefore regular fungal treatment is very essential.
Tips To Care For Hydrangeas
Hydrangeas require care and protection to produce big, pretty blossoms. Proper knowledge of how to care for hydrangeas makes it easier to grow the elegant plant and they can expect various colours and sizes of flowers.
- In order to guide people regarding how to care for hydrangeas, it is essential to know the best time to plant hydrangeas. It grows best in the mild temperature of spring. Very hot summer days must be avoided.
- For proper care, it is essential to choose proper location with partial shade. Hydrangeas need ample space for its proper growth.
- It is very important to provide the morning sun for three-four hours and then partial shade during noon.
- The plant must be planted with care as it grows very well from a shrub rather than seeds.
- Hydrangeas are fond of water and moist soil. So they need to be keep hydrated.
- No need of adding extra fertilizers.
- During winter special care is needed to protect the tender buds. So, additional layer of straws, mulch and leaves are spread to protect from severe winter.
Favourable Conditions Required For Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are shrubs with colourful flowers. The favourable conditions for the growth of hydrangea are-
- Soil Requirements- Hydrangeas survive well in friable, loamy soil with high organic content. It requires moist, porous and light-structured soil. Soil quality can be improved after adding compost before planting. To get blue hydrangeas the soil must have pH of 5.2-5.5.
- Water Requirements- People have doubt regarding how often to water hydrangea. It is a water intensive plant. Throughout the growing season it requires water at a rate of 1inch per week. It needs water 3 times a week for strong root growth. But it cannot survive in water logged condition. Drooping leaves indicate the need of water to the plant.
- Suitable Temperature- The suitable temperature for hydrangea to produce bud is about 15⁰-18⁰C. Higher temperatures support leaves growth rather than buds. It has the capacity to survive in cool, moist shade. Although hydrangeas are frost resistant, but special care are needed during winter.
- Sunlight Requirements- Hydrangeas are not so sunlight dependent. It prefers partial shade. They require enough space. Hydrangeas bear full sun in the morning and shades in afternoon from midday sun.
- Fertilizers Requirements- The best fertilizers for hydrangeas contain blends of nitrogen for healthy development of roots, branch and can produce large quantity of flowers. Liquid fertilizers are easy to use as it is directly get absorbed. Granule fertilizers are either dissolved in water before pouring on the soil.
Nature Of Hydrangea
Questions revolve around the fact are hydrangeas perennial or annual. Hydrangeas are perennial in nature, but during winter it becomes dormant and again revive during spring.
It produces new shoots, buds throughout spring and summer. It is purely a perennial shrub.
Growth And Lifespan Of Hydrangea
It is very essential to know how fast hydrangeas grow. Hydrangeas are rapid growers growing up to 2feet or more per year.
It grows quickly and reaches a height of 15feet in one summer. Proper care also helps the hydrangea to grow up to desired height.
Before planting hydrangea, one should get an idea about how long do hydrangea lasts. It requires very little effort to stay alive.
If people think how long do hydrangeas lasts without water, then it is seen that hydrangeas can last for about a year without water.
Hydrangeas are long-lived shrubs. If proper care is taken then it can live up to 50 years also. Care, nourishment, watering during the growing season enlarges the lifespan of hydrangeas.
Method Of Planting Of Hydrangea
People are eager to know the method of how to grow hydrangeas. They are very easy to grow under the following circumstances.
- Before planting it is very important to check the hardiness zone and the species.
- Appropriate time should be selected for planting hydrangeas as it suffers in very hot temperature and frost conditions.
- Proper place must be selected having mixture of sun and shade.
- Adequate spaces are to be provided. It grows up to 4’by4’ bushes.
- Preparation of rich, porous soil with mixture of compost.
- Before planting the roots are loosened to remove clusters. Loose roots can easily draw nutrients from soil.
- Deep hole is dug as per the root ball. The hole must be two-three times wider. Hydrangeas are placed in the hole without breaking the roots.
- Soil is poured gently in the hole to remove air pockets and also to support the plant. The hole should be half filled.
- Water is poured in the hole and it is left undisturbed for draining. When there is no accumulated water then again water is poured to make the soil moist.
- The plants are to be watered frequently for first few days.
- Over-watering should be prevented but the soil must be damp.
Procedure To Transplant Hydrangea
Climate is responsible for transplanting hydrangeas. The best time to transplant hydrangeas is in early winter before the ground freezes.
In cooler climates plants are moved in November, but in warmer areas hydrangeas are transplanted around December and February. It is very important to consider certain aspects before transplanting.
- To dig and have a new location ready before transplanting. Hydrangeas need to transplant immediately without wastage of time.
- Selection of proper relocation place where there is controlled sunlight. Semi-shade areas are suitable for hydrangeas.
- Proper watering of the plant for the survival. Transplanting requires more amount of water than before.
- New transplanted plant requires good quality fertilizers. It is dependent on organic fertilisers for their growth and strength.
- It is essential to mulch the area and fill with soil to provide nutrients.
Factors That Hinders Hydrangea to Bloom
Sometimes people wander about why won’t their hydrangea bloom. This can occur due to several factors and people must be aware of the factors.
- Hungry deer consume hydrangeas. Deer mainly target the buds during spring. So fence can be provided to keep the deer away.
- Excessive nitrogen in any flowering plants damages the flowers. Hydrangea need nitrogen to survive but too much can cause severe damage.
- Severe winter prevents bigleaf hydrangeas to bloom. Frigid winter destroys the developing buds.
- Lack of water to the plant can cause damage. Hydrangeas require enough water and moist soil. Dry soil hinders hydrangeas to bloom.
- Problem of pruning can cause lack of blossoms. Pruning during autumn might disrupt the growth buds.
- Hydrangeas need partial shade, too much shade prevent it to bloom.
- Too much heat of the sun is also very dangerous.
The process To Grow Hydrangea In A Pot
For people with no large garden always thinks can they plant hydrangea in a pot. Obviously, they can plant hydrangea in a pot under certain conditions.
- Proper decision regarding where to put the hydrangeas.
- The pots chosen for planting must contain wheels at the bottom, which will make the movement easier during day and noon.
- The container should be large enough of about 18 to 20inches in diameter.
- Depending on climatic conditions, the hydrangea species need to be selected.
- Dwarf hydrangeas are preferable for pots as they grow rapidly and become bushy vigorously.
- Good quality soils with organic materials are needed.
- The soil should be firm around the roots to remove air pockets.
- Whenever the top inch of the pot becomes dry, hydrangea should be watered thoroughly.
- Hydrangeas do not need excessive fertilizers.
Special Spring Care For Hydrangea
Another aspect of focus is how to care for hydrangeas in spring. Pruning and applying of fertilizers are two basic criteria regarding care for hydrangeas in spring.
- To feed the hydrangeas in spring. Bigleaf hydrangea requires fertilizers in spring mainly to strengthen its roots, flower growth. It requires fertilizers at the rate of 2cups per 1000 square feet.
- Adequate amount of water is needed before feeding.
- Pruning in spring provide scope for new growth of the shrub after dormancy in autumn.
- Spring care includes replacing mulch and to divide the shrubs at the time of decline.
What to Put On Hydrangea To Make Them Bloom?
Like other flowering plants hydrangeas also need phosphorous in order to properly bloom and flower. The addition of bone meal can increase the amount of phosphorous in the soil.
What Plant Food Is Good For Hydrangeas?
Hydrangeas require balanced fertilizers of 10-10-10 N-P-K, with equal amounts of all nutrients. A well-defined fertilizer enhances large blooms. Organic matters are also beneficial and are good feed for hydrangeas.
Do Hydrangeas Come Back Every Year?
Obviously, hydrangeas come back a year unless they get completely damaged in harsh winter. If special protections are given during winter then the plant will be in safety. Since hydrangeas are perennial in nature they come back every year.
Hydrangeas are mainly recognised due to their attractive white, snowball shaped blooms. There are twenty varieties of hydrangeas worldwide.
Macrophylla, a variety of hydrangea is famous for its aesthetic and health-related values.