People should have a clear idea about bell peppers before focussing on When To Harvest Bell Peppers. Bell peppers are commonly known as capsicum or sweet pepper. It belongs to the “Solanaceae” family and possesses thick, mild fruits.
If people want to know when to harvest bell peppers, they can harvest bell peppers when the fruits remain still green and are full-sized, mainly after 2 to 3 months after planting. People must allow the bell peppers to remain on the plant so that they can ripe, change their colours.
Fully ripened bell peppers have a soft texture and sweet flavour. People can harvest bell peppers after they become 4 to 5 inches in length.
Stages Of Growth Of Bell Pepper Plant
When people wonder about bell pepper plant stages of growth, they must consider the following growth stages.
- Stage of Seeds Germination-Bell peppers are tropical plant and can germinate in warm soil temperature. The seeds take time to germinate nearly four-six weeks and sometimes germinate within 10days with two pointed, long leaves. People should cover the soil with ¼ inch of moist soil.
- Stage of Plant Growth-After six weeks, the root system spreads and after eight weeks it bears several leaves. At this stage, people can shift the plant to the garden and must keep under warm weather for proper growth, development.
- Stage of Flower Pollination-Bell pepper undergoes the process of pollination to continue their growth. Some peppers self pollinate and drops pollens directly from the anther to the stigma. Whereas, others follow cross pollination where insects are responsible to take the pollens from one flower to another.
- Stage of Fruit Bearing-The ovary of the flower produces juicy pericarp which encompasses several locular cavities. The pericarp is edible wall that thickens and grows to form pepper. The seeds are present in the locular cavities.
- Stage of Fruit Ripening-As the fruit attains the mature size, it ripens. Along with the fruit, the seeds also mature and all sorts of flavours, sugars get accumulated on the flesh. The pepper changes its colour due to chlorophyll breakdown from green to red, yellow, orange or purple. It generally takes 60-90days to mature.
Procedure To Grow Bell Peppers
People who wonder about how do bell peppers grow, must follow the steps regarding how to grow bell peppers from seeds.
- People should choose seeds of some quick ripening varieties that can enable to produce fruits within two to three months.
- They should plant bell peppers first in indoors nearly about two months before the frost free date.
- People need to plant the seeds in a light soil layer.
- They should cover the bell pepper seeds lightly with soil and then water the soil.
- The seedlings appear within one or two weeks.
- People must ensure that the seeds are warm enough as it requires warm temperature for proper germination and growth.
- People should constantly check the soil temperature, and if the temperature is below 12.7⁰C, the plant will not grow.
- They must prevent the seedling to grow very tall and spindly as it can affect healthy growth in future.
- People should provide support to the tiny seedlings with sticks or strings.
- People should harden the indoor seedlings before transplanting them outdoor.
- They have to replant the seedlings as soon as the first true leaves appear.
- They must provide the seedlings well-drained fertile soil and warm temperature for their growth.
- People should never plant bell peppers near apricot related or cabbage related plants as there can be a chance to develop fungal diseases.
- Bell peppers can grow best around carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, corns and eggplants.
Favourable Conditions For The Growth Of Bell Pepper
Bell peppers need suitable soil, temperature, water for their proper health and growth.
- Soil-Bell peppers require rich soil with more amounts of sand and loam, which is responsible to keep the ground warm and well-drained. It grows well in soil with pH value 6.0 and 6.8. People sometimes add 2-inch layer of compost with the soil to enhance drainage facilities.
- Temperature-Bell pepper need temperature of 18⁰C to 35⁰C. People should put the plant in that area which receives 6-8 hours of sunlight. Summer is the ideal season for bell peppers to grow.
- Sunlight-For people who want to know how much sun do bell peppers need. Bell peppers need well-drained, sunny area with at least 6-8 hours of sun’s heat and light per day. The plants need hot climatic conditions to grow but direct heat and full shade can spoil the plant.
- Water Requirement-If people have doubts regarding how often to water bell peppers, it requires a deep layer of water nearly one-two inches every week. Sometimes, people need to provide water twice a day during very hot temperatures, dry periods after rainfall. Drip irrigation is also very important for growing bell peppers.
Nature Of Bell Pepper
People should focus on the nature and characteristics of bell pepper.
- People should know the exact time when to plant bell peppers. They must plant the bell pepper seeds at least 8-10 weeks before the arrival of spring frost. April is the appropriate month to plant bell peppers.
- People also want to know how long does it takes for bell peppers to grow. It requires at least 60 to 90 days from sowing to harvesting. Therefore, people should plant the seeds as early as possible keeping in mind the pre-requisites. Some species like hot peppers can take about 150days to grow.
- It is important to understand how tall do bell peppers plants grow. The smallest bell pepper plant is about 6inches tall and 1foot wide. Normally, the height is about 3 to 6feet wide and 18 to 24inches tall.
- Another essential point to know how many bell peppers per plant. The amount of fruits from each plant depends on the health of the plant and resistance capacity. Per plant can bear 5 to 10 large bell peppers.
Ways To Grow Bell Pepper In Containers
People should consider the following aspects regarding growing bell peppers in containers.
- People should select a large container with 12inches in diameter. The container must have a hole at the bottom for adequate drainage. The material of the container can be plastic, metal and terracotta.
- People must fill the container with organic mix to provide nutrition to the plant. It also provides moisture to the plant’s root for aeration.
- They should select the proper pepper plant seedlings. People should choose well-variety of plant seedling as per the container. They can select species like Bonnie Plants, Jalapeno Hot pepper that grows up to 3feet.
- People should plant the container outdoor under sunny, warm spot.
- They must regularly provide water during daytime as evaporation gives enough benefit and feed the plants.
- People should water the base of the plant except the leaves.
- People must feed the plant with natural, organic plant food.
- They should harvest the plant when it is fully ready. People should harvest bell pepper when it is green or can keep on the plant so that it can turn yellow, orange and red.
- People must preserve the bell peppers and can use at the time of preparing Roasted Red Pepper Hummus, Black Bean, Grilled Pepper Salad.
Different Types Of Bell Pepper
There are various types of bell peppers on the basis of their structure, colour and size.
- Cherry Peppers-It is sweet and bit spicy in taste and looks like little nuggets.
- Cubanella Peppers-These are long, thin peppers of pale yellow-green colours. It is used for creating aromatic in food dishes.
- Green Bell Peppers-It is very common for all with grassy flavour and super-crunchy texture.
- Italian Frying Peppers-It is long, sliced and chopped peppers and it is gently fried in olive oil.
- Orange Bell Peppers-It is sweet but slightly lacks in taste and therefore used in salads.
- Purple Bell Peppers-They are less sweet than red, orange and yellow peppers but sweeter than green peppers.
- Red Bell Peppers-These are very popular, sweet and bright coloured. It is used in corn avocado pepper salad and pickled bell pepper salad.
- Roasting Pimentos-It contains high level of sugar and after roasting it becomes sweet, silky and smooth.
- Yellow Bell Peppers-It possesses mild taste and enhances the beauty of the food.
Proper Time To Harvest Green Bell Peppers
People can pick green bell peppers at any stage. It is better to wait till the plant grows up to 3 to 4inches long. This is the best time that focus on when to harvest green bell peppers, but prior harvesting can provide a small amount of fruit and people will get any benefit.
Various Capsicum Diseases
People should be aware of capsicum pests and diseases and accordingly can take prevention.
|Anthracnose||Small circular, irregular, brownish-black scattered spots are found on leaves. Shedding of flowers.||People should apply liquid copper sprays and sulphur powders.|
|Powdery Mildew||The white powdery coating appears on the lower leaf surface.||People must avoid too much fertilizer.|
|Damping Off||Seedlings disintegrate before growing.||People should provide light soil with a well drainage facility.|
|Alternaria Leaf Spot||The fungus attacks the foliage.||People should prevent waterlogging.|
|Cercospora Leaf Spot||Circular spots with grey centres.||Provision for enough space for the plants and people should remove affected plants.|
Tips To Prepare Bell Peppers
There are some recipes that highlight how to prepare bell peppers. Bell peppers are nutritional department and people can eat either raw or in roasted form.
- The Asian Noodle Salad is a very delicious and healthy summer dinner. It requires noodles along with red and yellow bell peppers that are cut into strips. All ingredients are well mixed.
- Another classic vegetable dish Ratatouille. It requires peppers as well as eggplant, mushrooms and zucchini. People cook all ingredients together and it creates great taste.
1.How Big Should a Bell Pepper Be When You Pick It?
People can harvest green bell peppers at any time. If people harvest when the plant is small, it will transfer the plant’s energy to produce more flowers and hence more peppers. It should be about 2inches long.
2.Can You Pick Bell Pepper Early?
Yes, people can pick bell peppers early as picking before the bell peppers attain maturity helps to produce more flowers and peppers. Immature peppers are not so tasty but if people allow them to ripe, they become safe and tasty to eat.
Also, Read-How To Germinate Pepper Seeds